Algorithms for generating numbers according to a particular probability distribution. For example, the two most common problems are generating integers uniformly between 1 and n, and generating real numbers uniformly between 0 and 1. Other common distributions include Gaussian and Poisson. Because most random-number-generation algorithms have no influence from the outside environment, they are inherently pseudorandom: predictable, and following a pattern, also ideally not an apparent one. Thus the quote: "Anyone who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is, of course, in a state of sin." - John von Neumann (1951) A classic reference on this topic, and a good starting point, is Donald Knuth's Art of Computer Programming. Pseudorandom Numbers Algorithms Computers.

- Documentation Random Number Generator Algorithms
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Documentation of algorithms in the GNU Scientific Library Reference Manual. Random Number Generator Algorithms. - Universal UNURAN
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Universal Non-Uniform RANdom number generators: a GPL library of C functions to generate nonuniform random numbers, UNURAN, by Josef Leydold and Wolfgang Hoermann of the University of Economics, Vienna. UNURAN. - Generators Random Bots
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Generators for random number samples, Bots, random selection and random check number audits. Windows software for on-line purchase. Random Bots. - A Random Number Generator
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A small, Number Generator, simple open-source shareware program by Scott Donato Saccenti [Win95]. Random Number Generator. - Fast frandom
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Fast RNG for the Linux kernel. frandom. A sourceforge project. frandom. - Algorithms Pseudo Random Number Generators
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Algorithms for good random number generators with theoretical discussion and software examples. Pseudo Random Number Generators. - A Pseudo-random Numbers
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A guide to the literature. Pseudo-random Numbers. - A ENT
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A pseudorandom number sequence test program. ENT. Free download of C++ source code and MS-DOS executable. ENT. - Links WWW Virtual Library: Random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods
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Links to related conferences, Virtual Library: Random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods, papers, software, webpages, people. WWW Virtual Library: Random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods. - Presents HENKOS Pseudorandom Number Generator
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Presents and evaluates this generator, Pseudorandom Number Generator, intended for use as a key generator for a one-time pad cipher. HENKOS Pseudorandom Number Generator. - Windows Segobit Software: Random Number Generator Pro
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Windows application to generate several random numbers in a given range, Software: Random Number Generator Pro, subject to constraints like excluding certain digits. Segobit Software: Random Number Generator Pro. - A The pLab Project
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A server on the theory and practice of random number generation. The pLab Project. - Source Netlib: Random Number Generators
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Source code for various random number generators in C and Fortran, Random Number Generators, including the well-known RANLIB library supporting many continuous and discrete probability distributions. Netlib: Random Number Generators. - Information Random Number Generation, Taygeta Scientific Inc.
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Information and articles on random number generation. Random Number Generation, Taygeta Scientific Inc.. - Project NIST: Random Number Generation and Testing
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Project to develop a battery of statistical tests to detect nonrandomness in binary sequences, Random Number Generation and Testing, to produce documentation and a software implementation of these tests, and to provide guidance in the use of these tests. NIST: Random Number Generation and Testing. - A RngPack
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A pseudorandom number generator package for Java. RngPack. Source code free under BSD licence. RngPack. - True Random.org - True Random Number Service
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True random number generator with CORBA and WWW interfaces. True Random Number Service. Numbers are generated with atmospheric noise. Source code for many clients (Java, Perl, and C++) online. Random.org - True Random Number Service. - HotBits HotBits: Genuine Random Numbers
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HotBits is a service which generates random data from the decay of radioactive material and sends it over the internet. HotBits: Genuine Random Numbers. - Performs Predictor Sort Confidence Interval Simulation
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Performs a simulation to evaluate the performance of corrected confidence intervals based on blocked and unblocked ANOVAs in a predictor sort sampling ANOVA. Sort Confidence Interval Simulation. Also estimates coverages for confidence intervals based on an analysis of covariance, and for confidence intervals based on uncorrected blocked and unblocked ANOVAs. Predictor Sort Confidence Interval Simulation. - TLNise: Phil Everson research
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TLNise: Two-Level Normal independent sampling estimation. Everson research. Rcwish generates random draws from the Wishart and related distributions. Phil Everson research. - A Abstract State Machines
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A formal method for specifying and verifying algorithms. State Machines. Tools, meetings, researchers in the area. Abstract State Machines. - Links Resources for the Analysis of Algorithms
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Links to papers, for the Analysis of Algorithms, conferences and other sites, maintained by Helmut Prodinger. Resources for the Analysis of Algorithms. - Alexa: Pseudorandom Numbers Algorithms

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